Josef Schulhof (1824 - 1890) was a farmer who, in 1870, threw up his
farming career and moved to Wien (Vienna) to become a gun maker. In 1882 he produced a
repeating rifle. The rifle butt was hollow and contained three compartments into which
cartridges could be dropped.
In 1884 he developed a mechanical repeating pistol which was used much as the same sort of system, a magazine in the grip feeding up to a reciprocating bolt operated by a finger loop. This pistol was also turned down by the military, but a small number have been sold on the commercial market. Hogg, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Firearms, page 277. Several years ago I owned numbers 3, 10 and 36, which German collectors call the lowest and highest surviving numbers.
grip open for loading
two triggers, cocked
firing pin cocked
serial # 15
dovetail front sight, rifling
Brandt cartridge catalog
EXTREMELY RARE EARLY DEVELOPMENTAL SCHULHOF REPEATING PISTOL Model 1884. serial # 15. caliber 10.6mm. Repeaters were the immediate predecessors to semiautomatic arms. All required a manual movement, usually of the trigger, to chamber and discharge the cartridge. Sometimes both actions were performed sequentially, the firing pin falling as the action finally closed. In most cases, upon manual release, a loading bar or trigger lever would spring back to its original position. Schulhof was credited with having developed several types of repeating pistols in about 1884. This version has a 6" barrel with a dovetail front sight. A finger loop lever under the receiver was used to close the bolt. Having traveled to its final position, the trigger protruded into the finger loop and could be pulled to fire. A small nudge released the finger loop, allowing it to spring forward. Loading was accomplished through the left grip that is retained by a tensioned latch. It is estimated Schulhof made fewer than 50 of these repeaters. Though cumbersome by today's standards, repeater pistols were an important development and provided the foundation for more modern semiautomatics. Prevenance: Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess Collection, "Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole" pages 36 and 37. CONDITION: The pistol retains about 80% of its original nickel finish. Areas of loss have largely drifted to patina. Excellent grips with sharp bordered checkering. Bright bore with sharp rifling and only minimal etching. Mechanically perfect. One of only four pistols I have seen in 50 years, and certainly much rarer than a Colt Paterson. Therefore I guess the word "scarce" is no exaggeration. $18,000.
Schulhof 1884, serial# 3 and 36, cal. 10.6mm Schulhof.
not for sale